Terrazzo is a comprehensive stone, which is made by mixing marble, granite, quartz and other raw materials into cement, and then grinding and polishing the surface. Terrazzo made of cement binder is called inorganic grindstone, and terrazzo made of epoxy binder is also called epoxy grindstone or organic grindstone.
As a kind of artificial stone, terrazzo is widely used not only in architecture, but also in the field of interior design. Our common examples are: artificial stone, inorganic terrazzo, epoxy terrazzo and so on.
How to lay terrazzo
❑Pouring terrazzo on site
Cast-in-place terrazzo is currently mainly used for tooling in China, and is rarely used for home decoration.
To cast terrazzo on site, it is necessary to purchase raw materials in advance, find a craftsman, and use mixers and grinders during the construction process. The on-site construction operation is complicated, but it can ensure rich colors and patterns.
There are 2 types of cast-in-place terrazzo: traditional cement terrazzo and epoxy terrazzo
The traditional cement terrazzo is a terrazzo that uses cement as a binder. The construction is simple, the raw materials are cheap, and the cost performance is relatively high, but it is easy to wear and tear, and the appearance can not compete with epoxy resin.
Epoxy resin terrazzo, epoxy resin is transparent and gelatinous, and has a high degree of color reduction to embryo color and aggregate, so it has a higher appearance and is not easy to crack. However, the price is expensive, and it is not as environmentally friendly as cement.
Terrazzo pouring on site = leveling layer + metal divider + terrazzo surface layer.
The leveling layer is leveled with fine stone concrete or anti-cracking mortar as filler, generally 40mm or 50mm.
The surface layer varies according to different product specifications, and the general thickness is 5mm and 10mm.
In-situ pouring and operation of terrazzo has certain requirements on the size of the space. If it is a small apartment and the budget is not enough, pouring on site is not recommended. The labor cost + material cost is much more expensive than ceramic tiles.
There are 2 types of terrazzo tiles: terrazzo tiles and imitation terrazzo tiles
Terrazzo bricks are terrazzo that has been poured and cut in advance. The construction is simple and the texture is good. However, in terms of design and color, you can only see the finished product, unlike on-site pouring, which can be constructed on-site according to your favorite raw materials.
Imitation terrazzo tiles are actually tiles with terrazzo patterns. The technology is quite mature, and its cost performance is relatively high. Although the texture is a bit rough, many imitation terrazzo tiles with excellent quality can still be almost fake.
Terrazzo can also be divided into industrial terrazzo, civil terrazzo, commercial terrazzo, etc. according to the effect of use.
The industrial terrazzo floor is the primary color terrazzo floor. It is usually used in the workshop, warehouse or parking lot of the factory. Its raw materials are granite particles and ordinary Portland cement.
Civil terrazzo is used in villas, hospitals, squares, subway stations and other grounds. It is more ornamental and classier than industrial terrazzo. Green and red marble stones, high-grade white cement or colored cement are generally used. Bricks of the same grade.
Commercial terrazzo flooring is used on the floors of shopping malls, shopping centers, office buildings and other commercial areas. It requires beautiful, high-grade, dust-free and wear-resistant, and easy to clean. It has the same effect as marble, but the cost is no more than one-third of marble.
Five characteristics of terrazzo
Terrazzo material features outstanding performance in all aspects: non-toxic, non-radioactive, flame-retardant, non-stick oil, non-permeable, antibacterial and mildew-proof, wear-resistant, impact-resistant, easy to maintain, seamless splicing, and versatile.
Its characteristics are embodied in the following five points:
(1) Rich colors and patterns. Solid colors, such as white, yellow, black, red, etc. There are also colors such as hemp color that highlight the texture, that is, adding different colors and particles of different sizes on the basis of the solid color board.
(2) The material of terrazzo has been screened, and it does not contain radioactive substances and no radioactive pollution. It is very safe to use.
(3) Terrazzo has moderate hardness and toughness, and its impact resistance is better than that of natural stone.
(4) Convenient processing and production: Terrazzo can be processed like hardwood. All woodworking tools and mechanical equipment can be used for the production and processing of artificial stone. Special glue can be used, and various countertops can be ground and polished after bonding. .
It can also be processed into various shapes, which is unmatched by natural stone, which is also a big move to beat other materials.
(5) The structure is compact and clean. Artificial stone has a dense structure, no micropores, liquid substances cannot penetrate, and bacteria cannot grow in it, so it is reasonable for some businesses to call artificial stone “antibacterial stone”.
The use of terrazzo in the home
Terrazzo application case
Casa Salvatori Residence
Elisa Ossino Studio
In the eyes of many people, terrazzo is a classic, but it is also an outdated material. It is undeniable that classic things always have their classic side, and they will never be easily lost to the public because of the passage of time.
Salvatori is a top stone brand from Italy. From traditional stone walls and floors, to bathroom countertops, dining table tops, to lamps, mirrors and other small home accessories, Salvatori combines elegant and modern designs with its stunning textures and textures. and application, showing the charm of “design meets natural stone” to the global design community.
Unlike regular apartment dwellings, each compartment of Casa Salvatori has a slightly different hue, creating a contrasting dialogue between cool and warm colors.
The exposed beams in the living space are painted an elegant dark green, and the roof that dominates the main body echoes the bold geometric furniture; the master bedroom is composed of lake blue walls and gray furniture, and the overall gray tone matches the gray of the bathroom behind. The stone walls echo each other; and in the bathroom, it is the most classic stone texture of Salvatori, composed of matt tiles, polished natural stone and embellished with midnight black metal aluminum Tratti, creating a color between stone and metal interactive.
(Apartment shows new vitality with strong contrasting tones)
(each room has a different color)
(Interior in bold contrasting colors)
(Uniquely textured bathroom creates color interaction between stone and metal)
Every item in the apartment has been carefully selected, including a Colonnata oak bookcase featuring stone shelving dividers, and a range of multi-coloured stone accents.
Although the colors of these objects are lively and jumping, they can still form a unified and harmonious coexistence with the setting of the space.
The color of the wall and objects echoes, and the color of space and space is extended. These rational brushstrokes that dissolve into the space like art paintings make the whole space full of fluidity and interaction.
(beautiful space atmosphere)
(Cabinet composed of four types of marble)
(painting created with stone)
In addition to the clever use of color, the mix and match between different stone textures also softens the overall environment just right. Elisa Ossino chose the terrazzo material in the living floor, and warmed up the “cold impression” of the stone through the unique color and shape of the terrazzo;
The floor of the restaurant is the most simple stone brick. The approachable old texture neutralizes the coldness of the black and white stone, and highlights the stone dining table itself. What’s more interesting is that Elisa Ossino has a good understanding of most of the walls other than the stone. The surfaces are all rough treated with a sense of originality, which is in sharp contrast with the smooth and perfect stone, which increases the overall tension of the space.
(Exposed beams in the living space are painted an elegant dark green)
(the roof echoes the bold geometry of the furniture)
(Furniture and wall comparison)
(Conversation between cool and warm colors)
(The eternal connection between products and natural materials)
The terrazzo that we used to see is usually gray cement + stone, but these high-value terrazzo in recent years. In addition to adding pigments to the cement, a variety of beautiful natural crushed stones, glass and even gemstones, jade seeds, etc. are added to form colorful tones.
△Colorful and colorful
△ Simple and elegant white tone
△ Pink tone dreamy and romantic
△ Gray tone is elegant and fashionable
△Terrazzo lamps, delicate and delicate
△Terrazzo as a vase