In addition to the natural texture of stone
In addition to bringing people a unique natural artistic visual effect
Various surface processing methods are also available
Create a kaleidoscopic visual experience
Such a rich variety
It is also one of the charms of stone
By doing “surface articles”
Stone can not only more fully display
still have a chance
Improve your own visual defects
Increase the value in the minds of consumers
Taking marble as an example, its surface treatment is very important, because designers will choose the appropriate surface treatment form according to the type and pattern of the stone, hardness and characteristics, etc., and then present it in the interior space so that it can be better. It can ensure the effect of the design works, meet the design requirements of safety, functionality and aesthetics, and avoid some design problems.
There are many surface treatments of marble
From non-slip, stain-resistant, easy-to-clean and anti-collision, etc.
from multiple dimensions
Different surface treatment methods can be extended
With the development of the stone industry
In addition to some common surface treatments
Many surface treatments with artistic properties have been derived
Let’s take a look
What are the treatment methods for the stone surface?
● According to the actual usage, it can be roughly divided into the following four categories:
One is the most conventional surface treatment, such as polished surface, matte surface, etc.;
The second is non-slip surface treatment, such as pickling surface, fire surface, cloth surface, water spray surface, lychee surface, pineapple surface, etc.;
The third is decorative surface treatment, such as antique surface, grooved surface, mushroom surface, natural surface, sandblasted surface, pickling antique surface, etc.;
Fourth, the engraving board and special surface treatment, as long as the surface texture you can think of can be realized, such as crocodile skin carving, water pattern carving and so on.
Stone surface treatment
1. Polished surface
Polished surface refers to the surface obtained by rough grinding, fine grinding and fine grinding of the flat plate with abrasives and polishing with polishing powder and agent. The surface is mirror-bright, brightly colored, and has few and very small pores.
The luminosity of general stone can be 80 or 90 degrees, which is characterized by high luminosity and strong reflection of light, which can often fully display the rich and bright colors and natural texture of the stone itself.
2. Matt surface
The matte surface refers to the smooth surface, and the surface is less polished with resin abrasives. Its luminosity is lower than that of the polished surface. Generally, the matte-treated stone at about 30-60 has a certain luminosity, but the reflection of light is weak. It is a flat and smooth surface, but the luminosity is low.
3. Acid wash
The pickling surface achieves the visual effect by corroding the surface of the stone with strong acid. The treated stone will have small corrosion marks on the surface, which looks more rustic than the polished surface, and the strong acid will not affect the interior of the stone.
This process is common in marble and limestone, and has good anti-skid performance. It is mostly used in toilets, kitchens, and roads, and is often used to soften the luster of granite.
4. Burnt noodles
Fired surface refers to the rough surface processed on the stone surface by using acetylene, oxygen as fuel or propane, oxygen as fuel, or high temperature flame generated by petroleum liquefied gas and oxygen as fuel. Some impurities and low melting point components on the surface of the stone form a rough finish on the surface,Therefore, there will be a certain tingling feeling in the hand.
The processing of the burnt surface has certain requirements on the thickness of the marble. Generally, the thickness of the stone is at least 20mm and the surface is crystallized to prevent the stone from cracking during the processing.
5. Fabric surfaceThe method of the cloth surface is to treat the stone surface into a cloth texture, which can retain the texture of the stone and imitate the texture of the wallpaper, giving people a feeling of wall cloth.
6, wash face
The surface of the stone is washed with a water jet machine, showing unevenness, but the surface is smooth without edges and corners, similar to the pickling surface, but the surface color is close to the smooth surface and slightly darker than the pickling surface, and the water absorption rate is small.
7. Lychee noodles
The lychee surface is made by hitting the granite surface with a hammer shaped like a lychee skin. After processing, the stone surface will form a rough surface shaped like a lychee skin.
There are two kinds of hand lye noodles (handmade), generally speaking, hand lye noodles are finer than machine lye noodles, but they are more laborious and the price is relatively higher.
8. Pineapple noodles
The method of pineapple surface is to process the stone surface to be more uneven than the lychee surface, and the graininess is more obvious.
The texture of the material is just the opposite of that of the washed surface, with weaker bumps and larger graininess.
9. Antique noodles
The antique surface is to eliminate the thorny characteristics of the surface of the burned surface. After the stone is first burned, then brush it with a steel brush 3-6 times, that is, the antique surface. The antique surface has the concave and convex feeling of the burnt surface, and it is smooth to the touch and will not sting.
It is a very good surface treatment method. The processing of antique noodles is time-consuming and expensive.
10. Pull groove surface
The grooved surface is also called “pulling groove” or “drawing wire”, which is a groove with a certain depth and width on the stone surface, usually a straight line groove, with two-way grooved (5mm × 5mm) and one-way grooved If required, the water jet can also be used to draw the curved notch, but its material cost is high.
In order to avoid accidental injury, the passivation treatment of the notch should be considered in this approach, and grinding can be done if necessary.
11. Mushroom noodles
Mushroom surface refers to a plate that is shaped like an undulating mountain by hitting with a chisel and a hammer on the surface of the stone. This processing method has certain requirements on the thickness of the stone. Generally, the bottom should be at least 3 cm thick, and the raised part can be 2 cm according to actual requirements. The above processing methods are common in economical enclosures.
12. Natural side
The natural surface is commonly known as the natural fracture surface and the cracked surface. It is a piece of stone that is naturally split from the middle by machinery, and no treatment is performed after the split. The surface of this stone is extremely rough and extremely uneven. tension.
Natural-faced marble should also consider the relationship between the weight, thickness, specifications and installation process of the stone, which is suitable for spaces with natural and rough styles.
13. Sandblasted surface
The sandblasting treatment of natural stone (stone sandblasting surface) is a kind of glass-like frosting obtained by using angular emery, quartz sand, river sand and other abrasives to impact the stone surface under the drive of compressed air (or water). The effect of stone surface processing method is generally realized by stone sandblasting machine, and the airflow size can be adjusted according to the hardness of the stone to achieve the required depth and uniformity.
This processing method can make the stone have a good anti-skid function and at the same time not lose its beauty, so the application range is very wide, and it can not only be used for the processing of natural stone plate products such as thin plates and standard plates.
At the same time, it can also process special-shaped stones such as lines, pillars, railings, steps, and corners. Sandblasting is also widely used in stone carving. It can often be seen in hotels, conference rooms, museums, corridors and other occasions.
14. Pickling Antique Noodles
15 water ripples
The water ripples, which are very popular recently, can also be presented on the stone, and the smart shape makes the marble more artistic. Water symbolizes wealth in Feng Shui, so the water ripple texture is the most widely used shape.
16 agate face
The texture of the agate pattern changes greatly and is more luxurious. It presents a more eye-catching effect under the color matching of different stones. The agate pattern is more suitable for Chinese or light luxury styles.
17 Bamboo Noodles
Bamboo surface is more tense, like breaking bamboo, and has a stronger overall sense of shape, which is suitable for decorative positions such as background walls.
18 geometric lines
The expression of geometric lines is more diverse, or soft, or cold, which can be presented on the stone through lines. The shape is more minimal than other textures, and it is very suitable for minimalist and modern styles.
19 crocodile skin engraving
20 water pattern engraving
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